Array/Orient Objects based on Two Surfaces

I’ve been trying to explore more with Rhino Explicit History and also with RhinoScript. Here’s a simple one that arrays basic object onto a surface and orients them to a target surface. It doesn’t deform the base object in any ways. It could be a useful tool in trying to create gradient patterns using just rotations without changing the shape of the basic components (so the fabrication process is more efficient). RhinoScript is still quite new to me. I started with the Honeycomb script that Andrew Kudless wrote few years ago. The code still needs to be more optimized and cleaned up. But, the code works nonetheless.


Option Explicit
‘by Andrew Kudless | | april, 2005
‘Edited by Howard Jiho Kim | | March, 2008

Sub OrientObjTwoSurfaces()

Dim orientObj
Dim orientPoint(2)

Dim sourceSurf, sourceSurf2
Dim uDiv, vDiv, maxDiv
Dim uArray, vArray
Dim i,j, index

‘surface 1 variables
Dim uMax, vMax
Dim uInc, vInc
Dim uStart, vStart

‘surface 2 variables
Dim u2Max, v2Max
Dim u2Inc, v2Inc
Dim u2Start, v2Start

‘surface points variables
Dim arrParam(1), arr2Param(1), arrPoint, arr2Point
Dim surface1Points(), surface2Points()

‘Rhino.EnableRedraw vbFalse

orientObj = Rhino.GetObject (“Select the Object to Orient”)
If IsNull(orientObj) Then Exit Sub

orientPoint(0) = Rhino.GetPoint(“Select Point 1 to Orient”)
If IsNull(orientPoint(0)) Then Exit Sub
orientPoint(1) = Rhino.GetPoint(“Select Point 2 to Orient”)
If IsNull(orientPoint(1)) Then Exit Sub
orientPoint(2) = Rhino.GetPoint(“Select Point 3 to Orient”)
If IsNull(orientPoint(2)) Then Exit Sub

uDiv = Rhino.GetInteger (“Enter the number of divisions in the U direction”)
If IsNull(uDiv) Then Exit Sub

vDiv = Rhino.GetInteger (“Enter the number of divisions in the V direction”)
If IsNull(vDiv) Then Exit Sub

‘Get inputs
sourceSurf = Rhino.GetObject (“Select the base Surface”, 8)
If IsNull(sourceSurf) Then Exit Sub

‘Get inputs
sourceSurf2 = Rhino.GetObject (“Select a target Surface”, 8)
If IsNull(sourceSurf2) Then Exit Sub

ReDim uVal(uDiv)
ReDim vVal(vDiv)

ReDim u2Val(uDiv)
ReDim v2Val(vDiv)

uMax = Rhino.SurfaceDomain (sourceSurf, 0)
vMax = Rhino.SurfaceDomain (sourceSurf, 1)

uInc = uMax(1)/uDiv
vInc = vMax(1)/vDiv

For i = 0 To uDiv
uVal(i) = i * uInc
Rhino.Print “uVal(” & i & “):” & uVal(i)


For i = 0 To vDiv
vVal(i) = i * vInc
Rhino.Print “vVal(” & i & “):” & vVal(i)

u2Max = Rhino.SurfaceDomain (sourceSurf2, 0)
v2Max = Rhino.SurfaceDomain (sourceSurf2, 1)

u2Inc = u2Max(1)/uDiv
v2Inc = v2Max(1)/vDiv

For i = 0 To uDiv
u2Val(i) = i * u2Inc
Rhino.Print “u2Val(” & i & “):” & u2Val(i)

For i = 0 To vDiv
v2Val(i) = i * v2Inc
Rhino.Print “v2Val(” & i & “):” & v2Val(i)

Rhino.Print “Calculating Array…”

‘Find which direction has more points
If uDiv >= vDiv Then
maxDiv = uDiv
maxDiv = vDiv
End If

Dim targetPoint(2)
Dim p1, arrVector, NewLine, NewLine2, line1, line2, line3, arrXform
Dim arrPlane, arrRotated

For i=0 To uDiv

For j=0 To vDiv
arrParam(0) = uVal(i)
arrParam(1) = vVal(j)
arrPoint = Rhino.EvaluateSurface(sourceSurf, arrParam)
line1 = Rhino.AddPoint(arrPoint)
targetPoint(0) = Rhino.PointCoordinates(line1)

arr2Param(0) = uVal(i)
arr2Param(1) = vVal(j)
arr2Point = Rhino.EvaluateSurface(sourceSurf2, arr2Param)
line2 = Rhino.AddPoint(arr2Point)
targetPoint(2) = Rhino.PointCoordinates(line2)

NewLine = Rhino.AddLine (arrPoint, arr2Point)

arrVector = Rhino.VectorCreate(arr2Point, arrPoint)
Rhino.ViewCPlane , Rhino.PlaneFromNormal(arrPoint, arrVector)

arrPlane = ViewCPlane
arrRotated = RotatePlane(arrPlane, 90, arrPlane(1))
Rhino.ViewCPlane , arrRotated

arrPlane = ViewCPlane

NewLine2 = Rhino.RotateObject(NewLine, arrPlane(0), 90.0, ,True)

arrPoint = Rhino.CurveEndPoint(NewLine2)
line3 = Rhino.AddPoint(arrPoint)
targetPoint(1) = Rhino.PointCoordinates(line3)

If IsArray(orientPoint) Then
If IsArray(targetPoint) Then
Rhino.OrientObject orientObj, orientPoint, targetPoint, 1
End If
End If

Rhino.DeleteObject (line1)
Rhino.DeleteObject (line2)
Rhino.DeleteObject (line3)
‘Rhino.DeleteObject (NewLine)
Rhino.DeleteObject (NewLine2)


‘Rhino.EnableRedraw vbTrue
End Sub

Rhino.Print “Array Complete”

Be Sociable, Share!
Add your comment

4 responses for this post

  1. mario vergara Says:

    hi…i tried to test your script….i get an error on line 2…invalid character…if i delete the lines that start with an ‘…the script throws an new to rvb …please help

  2. david Says:

    hey finding this interesting cleaned it up and got it working but dont seem to be able to control the normals based on base srf looking at rationalizing glazzing system over srf with double curvature any assistance much appreciated b4 i get to work chopping up your script ; )

  3. j Says:

    there i am really new to rhino scripting however this script keeps spitting out errors i was wondering if you had cleaned it up as of yet? if so you could you put me in the right direction in order to fix the problem

  4. crtl-i Says:


    when you copy the script from the web and paste it into rhino, some characters like ” or ‘ have problem translating. you may need to fix those parts to make it run smoothly.

Leave a Reply